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The Spectacular Mountain Ranges of Mongolia

Mountain Ranges in Mongolia are some of the most breathtaking sights in the world. With towering peaks that stretch towards the sky, they create a unique and majestic landscape. From the Altai Mountains to the Khangai Mountains, Mongolia is home to a stunning array of mountain ranges that offer endless opportunities for exploration and discovery.

In this blog post, we will take a closer look at some of the most spectacular mountain ranges in Mongolia and the activities that await visitors.

Mongolian Mountain Ranges

Mongolian Mountain Ranges Overview

Mongolia is a landlocked country surrounded by rugged terrain, and its landscape is defined by a variety of mountain ranges. The major mountain ranges of Mongolia are the Altai Mountains, the Khangai Mountains, and the Khentii Mountains.

  • The Altai Mountains form part of the traditional homeland of the Mongolian people, and they stretch from China, Mongolia, and Russia.

  • The Khangai Mountains are located in central Mongolia and are characterized by picturesque coniferous forests.

  • The Khentii Mountains are located east of Ulaanbaatar and contain the legendary birthplace of Genghis Khan. Together, these Mongolian mountain ranges form an impressive landscape and make Mongolia a truly spectacular destination.

Altai Mountains

The Altai Mountains are a Mongolian mountain range located in the far west of Mongolia. It is one of the most remote and stunning mountain ranges in Mongolia.

Altai Mountain Range
The incredible Altai Mountain Range

The Altai range forms an important divide between Russia, Mongolia, China, and Kazakhstan. It is one of the most geographically diverse regions in the world, with a wide variety of landforms, from lush grasslands to snow-capped peaks.

Altai Mountain View
A view of the Altai Mountains

The tallest mountain in the Altai Mountain Range is Mount Tavan Bogd which stands at 4374 meters (14,350 feet) tall and is located on the Mongolian/Russian border. The Altai Mountains are home to numerous glaciers, alpine lakes, and rivers, as well as home to many endangered animals such as the snow leopard, argali sheep, and the Saker Falcon.

Altai Mountains
The picturesque Altai Mountains

Khangai Mountains

The Khangai Mountains are a Mongolian mountain range located in the north-central part of Mongolia. This range of mountains is mostly known for its impressive altitudes, beautiful scenery, and lush greenery. The Khangai Mountains have a varied landscape, including plateaus, valleys, rivers, and forests. The highest peak in the range is Harhiraa at 4,020 m (13,194 ft) tall.

Khangai Mountains at sunset
Khangai Mountains at sunset

The Khangai Mountains offer spectacular views and a variety of outdoor activities. Visitors can enjoy trekking, horseback riding, mountain biking, rock climbing and much more. There are also many natural attractions, such as hot springs and mineral pools, to explore in the area.

Khangai Mountain view
Yurts and a Khangai Mountain view

The Khangai Mountains are home to a wide array of animals and plants, including rare species like snow leopards and lynx. The mountains also contain many sacred sites for Mongolian people, such as ancient burial grounds, shrines, and temples.

Khangai Mountains
A more subdued view of the Khangai Mountains

Khentii Mountains

The Khentii Mountains, located in the eastern part of Mongolia, are a Mongolian mountain range that is home to some of the most breathtaking sights in the country. The mountain range stretches across the steppes of Mongolia and comprises several peaks, with the tallest mountain reaching an elevation of 2,722 meters.

Khentii Mountains
A beautiful photo of the Khentii Mountains

The Khentii Mountains offer an incredible experience for any traveler who visits them. The mountains boast rolling hills that are covered in lush forests and open grasslands. Visitors can see an array of wildlife, including marmots, ibex, red deer, and Siberian roe deer.

The Khentii Mountains in the fog
The Khentii Mountains in the fog

The Khentii Mountains provide plenty of opportunities for exploration. There are various hiking trails and passes which can be traversed to explore the mountains in greater detail. One of the most popular hikes is from the base of the mountains to the summit of the highest peak. From the summit, you can look down on the vast expanse of the Mongolian steppe below.

The Khentii Mountains are also known for their ancient Buddhist temples and monasteries. These temples offer visitors a chance to learn about traditional Mongolian culture and spirituality.

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