Galdhøpiggen is the tallest mountain in Norway and the highest peak in Northern Europe. It is situated in Jotunheimen National Park in the county of Oppland, on the border between Norway and Sweden. Galdhøpiggen rises up to an impressive height of 2,469 meters above sea level and is a spectacular sight to behold.
There's nothing quite like standing atop the tallest peak of Northern Europe and being mesmerized by the majesty of nature!
Galdhøpiggen Mountain Facts
Location: Lom Municipality, Jotunheimen National Park
Range: Jotunheimen Mountains
Elevation: 8,100' or 2,469 meters
Prominence: 7,992' or 2,436 meters
Name Meaning: "Galdhø" means steep mountain road and "piggen" means "peak."
The peak of the mountain has a rounded top with jagged cliffs around its sides. From a distance, the snow-capped mountain appears majestic, gleaming white against the cobalt sky. Its slopes are crisscrossed with trails for adventurous hikers and bikers. Nearby glacial lakes are home to salmon and other freshwater fish, as well as moose, elk, and reindeer.
On a clear day, from the top of Galdhøpiggen, you can even catch a glimpse of the Norwegian Sea. What's more, from the top of the mountain, one can admire the breathtaking landscape of Jotunheimen National Park.
Galdhøpiggen, Norway's tallest mountain, belongs to the Caledonian folding, like most of South Norway's mountain ranges. The peak is made of gabbro, a hard but coarse-grained rock that was heavily glaciated during the ice ages and shaped the mountain into its present form.
The popular theory that the highest summits in Norway stayed above the ice as nunataks has been abandoned by most geologists, making Glittertind Mountain one of the few peaks that still stand as a testament to its icy past.
For some time, Glittertind, the second-tallest mountain in Norway has been seen as a possible usurper of the title "tallest mountain in Norway" but in recent years and the shrinking glacier on top of the mountain has solidified Galdhøpiggen's place as the tallest mountain.
The mountain saw its first ascent in 1850 by three men: a local guide, a churchwarden, and a teacher. Today, the mountain's summit is not considered to be of any great difficulty for modern mountaineers. From June to August, the mountain sees many ascents with an approximately 3 to 4-hour hike. But, glacier crossings are still necessary as is experience.
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